Studies show that children need to practice reading everyday in order to improve their reading skills. Developing and teaching reading strategies to elementary students will help increase their reading ability. Often when students get stuck on a word they are told to "sound it out." While this strategy may work at times, there are other strategies that may work even better. The following is a list of reading strategies for elementary students. Teach your students these tips to help improve their reading ability.
- Look at the picture and prepare your mouth to say the word.
- Read the sentence again from the beginning.
- Skip the word and come back to it.
- Sound the word out slowly.
- Break the word into parts.
- Ask yourself, does the sentence make sense? Does it sound right?
- Ask a friend or teacher.
Use the following reading prompts when working one-on-one with a student:
- Wait a few moments to see if the student tries to attempt to say the word.
- Ask the student, "Does the word make sense in the sentence?"
- Say to the student, "Look at the picture, see if that helps you figure out the word."
- Say, "Put in a word that you think makes sense."
- Say to the student, "Start the sentence from the beginning and try saying it again."
- Ask the student, "What letter does the word start and end with?"
- Tell the child to read the sentence from the beginning and skip the word.
- Say, "Now that you skipped the word, what word do you think fits in the sentence?"
- Tell the student the word if they still cannot get it.
Source: Frank Schaffer Publications Inc.