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Lesson Plan Step #3 - Direct Instruction

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Teaching in a classroom
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Definition: If your 8-step lesson plan were a hamburger, then the Direct Instruction section would be the all-beef patty. After writing the Objective (or Goals) and Anticipatory Set, you're ready to delineate exactly how you will present the most important lesson information to your students.

Your methods of Direct Instruction could include reading a book, displaying diagrams, showing real-life examples of the subject matter, using props, discussing relevant characteristics, watching a movie, or other hands-on and/or presentational steps directly related to your lesson plan's stated objective.

When determining your methods of Direct Instruction, consider the following questions:

  • How can I best tap into the various learning modalities (audio, visual, tactile, kinesthetic, etc.) to meet the learning style preferences of as many students as possible?
  • What materials (books, videos, pneumonic devices, visual aids, props, etc.) are available to me for this lesson?
  • What relevant vocabulary do I need to present to my students during the lesson?
  • What will my students need to learn in order to complete the lesson plan's objectives and independent practice activities?
  • How can I engage my students in the lesson and encourage discussion and participation?
Think outside the box and try to discover fresh, new ways to engage your students' collective attention to the lesson concepts at hand.

Avoid just standing in front of your students and talking at them. Get creative, hands-on, and excited about your lesson plan, and your students' interest will follow.

Before you move on to the Guided Practice section of the lesson, check for understanding to ensure that your students are ready to practice the skills and concepts you have presented to them.

Examples:
  • Read Life in the Rainforest : Plants, Animals, and People by Melvin Berger.
  • Talk about characteristics of plants and animals mentioned in the book.
  • Show the class a real, living plant and walk them through the functions of the different parts of the plant.
  • Show the class a real, living animal (perhaps a small pet brought in from home or a classroom pet borrowed from another teacher). Discuss the parts of the animal, how it grows, what it eats, and other characteristics.

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