- Kindergarten, First, Second, or Third Grade
Language Arts and Math (could be adapted to fit other subjects, as well)
Objectives and Goals:
Anticipatory Set (approximate time):
- Instruct/review adjectives as a part of speech
- Introduce students to words that end in -er and/or -est
- Offer students the chance to practice finding similar items and comparing them through the proper use of language
Ask students what they know about -er and -est words, as well as the word "than". Explain that -er adjectives are for comparing two things, while -est words are used to compare three or more things. For older students, introduce and use the terms "comparative" and "superlative" repeatedly and hold students accountable for knowing these terms.
Direct Instruction (approximate 20 minutes):
Guided Practice (approximately 20-30 minutes):
- Model turning common root adjectives into comparative and superlative adjectives (examples: funny, hot, happy, big, good, etc.)
- Brainstorm additional adjectives and practice (as a group) putting them into sentences (example: The sun is hotter than the moon. A baby is smaller than a teenager.)
Depending on the age and abilities of your students, you can ask the students to write their own comparative and superlative sentences from scratch. Or, for younger students, you can design and copy a worksheet with cloze sentences and they can fill in the blanks or circle the correct suffix. For example:
- Fill in the Blanks: The ___________ is bigger than the ___________.
- Circle one: The big (er or est) animal in the zoo is an elephant.
Another option is to have students look through the pages of their independent reading books and search for comparative and superlative adjectives.
Closure (approximate time):
Offer sharing time for the students to read aloud the sentences they completed or composed. Reinforce the core concepts with discussion and question/answer time.
For homework, have students write a given number of comparative and/or superlative sentences based on things they find in their homes, books, neighborhood, or imaginations.
Required Materials and Equipment:
Worksheets if needed, paper, pencils, student reading books if needed.
Assessment and Follow-Up:
Check completed homework assignments for correct sentence structure and grammar. Re-teach as needed. Point our comparative and superlative words as they come up in class discussion and whole group reading.